Aromatherapy & Essential oils- Uses, Benefits and Types 2020


Aromatherapy & Essential oils- Uses, Benefits and Types 2020 addafitness


Table of Contents


1) Basil Essential Oil

2) Bergamot Essential Oil

3) Cardamom Essential Oil

4) Cedarwood Essential Oil

5) Cinnamon Essential Oil

6) Eucalyptus Essential Oil

7) Frankincense Essential Oil

8) Geranium Essential Oil

9) Grapefruit Essential Oil

10) Jasmine Essential Oil

11) Lavender Essential Oil

12) Lemon Essential Oil

13) Lemongrass Essential Oil

14) Majoram Essential Oil

15) Myrrh Essential Oil

16) Neroli Essential Oil

17) Patchouli Essential Oil

18) Peppermint Essential Oil

19) Rose Essential Oil

20) Rosemary Essential Oil

21) Sage Essential Oil

22) Sandalwood Essential Oil

23) Spearmint Essential Oil

24) Thyme Essential Oil

25) Vetiver Essential Oil

26) Ylang-ylang Essential Oil



What is Aromatherapy?



Aromatherapy means “treatment using scents”. It is a holistic treatment of caring for the body with pleasant smelling natural oils such as Eucalyptus, Lavender, Rose, and many others. These pure Essential Oils are obtained from a wide assortment of vegetation, which has been steam distilled or cold-pressed from flowers, fruit, bark, and roots.

The majority of Essential oils have antiseptic properties, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, antidepressant, and expectorant. The additional properties of the essential oils utilized in Aromatherapy are their digestion improvement, relaxation, and stimulation properties.

Aromatherapy is also helpful in maintaining mental health by relieving depression, anxiety, and stress. It can have powerful emotional effects; soothing stress and tension, easing fears and anxieties, and many have a comforting fragrance.

Today Aromatherapy is becoming more popular for many reasons and is among the fastest-growing fields in alternative and holistic medicine. Aromatherapy is sometimes used in clinics and hospitals for the treatment of pain relief.


Where do Aromatherapy Oils come from?



When we take a walk through a flower garden or pick a plant leaf or sprig of an evergreen tree, we are aware of the scent of the plant, but what is causing the aroma? Most often, it is the Essential Oil within the plant we smell. Some plants or trees contain more Essential Oils in them than others.

For instance, the amount of Oil in Eucalyptus trees is much stronger and of higher concentration than that of Roses. While it takes only a small amount of vegetation from Eucalyptus to produce an ounce or more of Organic Aromatherapy Oils, it takes about 50,000 roses to make just one ounce of Rose Essential Oil.

Essential Oils (Aromatherapy Oils) can come from aromatic Trees, Roots, and grasses. Different oils are produced in different parts of plants. The plants have scent sacs in them that the oils are stored in. Some of the different storage areas of these scent sacs are:

Bark resin: eg. Frankincense
Berries: eg.Black Pepper & Cardamon.
Flowers: eg. Lavender and Rose
Fruit: Grapefruit and Lemon
Heartwood: eg. Sandalwood (the leaves) and Eucalyptus
Rhizomes: eg. Ginger 


What is an Essential Oil? 



Chemically, Essential Oils are a mixture of molecules which include alcohols, aldehydes, esters, ethers, phenols, ketones, and terpenes, along with a variety of other chemicals, each having various properties.

To retrieve these Organic Aromatherapy Oils out of plants, techniques used are usually steam or water distilled. However using some newer technology, Essential Oils can also be produced using C02 extraction. Aromatic oils that have been extracted from various plant materials using CO2 (carbon dioxide) under pressure. These are also known as supercritical extractions or supercritical fluid extractions.


What is the different classification of Essential Oils?



Essential Oils can be classified into three groups. 


1)      Top Notes:


The most highly volatile Essential Oils are known as ‘Top Notes’ used in the perfume industry. Top notes create the scents that form a person’s initial impression of a scent. The scent from Top notes is fresh, sharp, and assertive. The top notes essential oils are strong in scent, very volatile, and evaporate quickly. Sandalwood and Rosewood Aroma Therapy Oils are common top notes.

2)      Middle Notes:


Oils with a medium range of volatility are known as Heart Notes or Middle Notes in the perfume industry. These Aroma Therapy Oils act to stimulate and regulate the main systems of the body. The scents of middle note compounds are usually more mellow and rounded than the oils in the top notes category. Benefits from this note class appear anywhere from ten minutes to an hour after the application of a scent. Lavender and Rose scents are typical heart notes.

3)      Base Notes:


Base Notes are known in the perfume industry as Aroma Therapy Oils that have the lowest volatility of the three types. These Essential Oils are generally used therapeutically for calming and relaxation. Base notes have a depth and solidness to them. The compounds of this class of scents are typically rich and “deep” and the benefits are usually not perceived until thirty minutes after the application of the scent. Plant resins such as Frankincense are commonly used as base notes.


How can we use essential oils for aromatherapy?



The scent of the Essential Oil is sensed by the olfactory nerve located in the back of the nose. From there it is carried to the brain, where it has its effect. Depending on the type of Aroma Therapy Oils used, they can be stimulating or calming; and they can create feelings of well-being and unity on your mind and body. Some Essential Oils have the power to relax the nervous system, while others stimulate it. They can stimulate circulation in the body, lift depression, diminish inflammation, and ease aches and pains. They can stabilize your emotions by creating harmony between your mind and body.


For essential oils to be used in aromatherapy use any one or a combination of the methods mentioned below:

1) Cosmetic aromatherapy


Certain essential oils are used in many cosmetic products for skin, hair, body, face, and nails. 

2) Massage aromatherapy


Certain essential oils are used in massage therapies to relax and refresh the body and mind. 

3) Medical aromatherapy


Certain essential oils have medicinal properties and are used to treat clinically diagnosed ailments.

4) Olfactory aromatherapy


Because of the strong scent of essential oils, it is used to calm, relax, refresh, and rejuvenate the body and mind. Many mental disorders like depression and anxiety can be treated by inhaling the scent of essential oils. 


What are the benefits of Aromatherapy? 



1) Relaxation


Sometimes you had a busy day in endless meetings, or you’ve been pouring over reports and it leaves you feeling high strung and tense. – You know that feeling: You’ve finished that large report or project, and you’re bursting at the seams with excess energy when you really want to sit back, relax and enjoy some peace and quiet. Using essential oils like Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Patchouli, or Rose Oil allow your mind to clear and relax.

2) Rejuvenation


Perhaps you arrive home lethargic and drained after a hard day at work, and like so many of us busy parents, your work at home is just starting. Just take a short break, and light an energizing aromatherapy candle to refresh yourself a little. Rejuvenation/Invigoration candles typically contain a mixture of oils from the citrus and/or mint families. The mint essential oils are Basil, Eucalyptus, Peppermint, and Spearmint. They provide quick revitalization, stimulation, and an extra dose of energy when you need it. Other rejuvenation essential oils include Cardamom, Cinnamon, Geranium Rosemary, and Vanilla.

3) Concentration


Use aromatherapy to improve concentration when you need to focus and tap into your creative powers. There’s something about citrus oil that fuels the mind's ability to focus and block outside distractions. Use Lemon, Lemongrass, Peppermint, Rosemary, and Cardamom oil for concentration.

4) Romance


You can set the mood with an aromatherapy candle containing some of the sensual essential oils: Cardamom, Clary Sage, Grapefruit, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Rose, Sandalwood, Vanilla, or Ylang-ylang oil. When using candles to add atmosphere, grouping candles together is great, but don’t overdo it. You’re looking for a natural and comfortable setting, not a torch-lit Monastery.

5) Synergy


Below are some common mixes of Essential oils that work well together. Actually, their benefit together is greater than individual use. By using Essential Oils together, they have cumulative effects and can benefit you in multiple ways, all the while providing a pleasant fragrance.


6) Calm


For those days when everything seems to have gone wrong; Uplifting Bergamot, Refreshing Jasmine, and Calming Neroli are the perfect combination to help you regain calm and perspective.

7) Focus 


Use synergy for mental focus and alertness. Use Basil, Lemon, Peppermint, Rosemary, and Vetiver. This is an excellent blend, good for the home and office concentration, and refreshing for mental fatigue. Although this combination is not as potent as the Alertness blend (below), it is the best combination for daily use to get you up and going.

8) Alertness 


For a most energizing blend, use Cypress and Grapefruit The synergy of Grapefruit with Cypress works wonders to clear the mental fog and energize to get up and moving. It also works great in a hanging pot in the car to keep the driver awake and alert.


9) Stress Reducer



This blend has a warm, calming effect. It’s perfect for those times when tension is high, or when the kids are bouncing off the walls. Have you ever thought of using a calming Aromatherapy as a stress reducer? This blend just could make your day a lot more pleasant – even enjoyable! Use a warm blend of Natural Neroli, Grounding Vetiver, with half amounts of Sandalwood and Frankincense. This blend has an excellent fragrance and can be used as a light perfume.


10) Insomnia 


A blend of Chamomile, Clary Sage, and Rose can be used for those nights when you just can’t sleep, this synergy blend soothes the mind and body to allow you to fall asleep naturally.



What are the different types of essential oils and there benefits?




1) Basil Essential Oil



Basil Essential Oil (Ocimum basilicum) of the Family Lamiaceae is also known as Albahaca, St. Joseph’s Wort, and Sweet Basil. Basil is originally native to tropical Asia and. It grows to between twenty and sixty centimeters tall, with the opposite, light green, silky leaves 1.5-5 cm long and 1-3 cm broad. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Basil Essential Oil is a fundamental oil used in alleviating mental fatigue and anxiety. It helps refresh your mind and alleviate nervousness. Basil Oil is a major stress reliever and should be included in combination with other Essential Oils. For the Respiratory System, Basil Essential Oil is good for Bronchitis and coughs.

2) Bergamot Essential Oil



The bergamot orange (Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia) is a small, citrus fruit and pear-shaped. It is sour and its aromatic peel is used to produce an essential oil that is used in Earl Grey tea, in perfumery, and in aromatherapy to treat depression.

Aromatherapy Uses: Bergamot Essential Oil is noted in Aromatherapy for its effects on settling nerves. It helps reduce anxiety, depression, and stress. The scent itself is frequently used as a fragrance.


3) Cardamom Essential Oil



Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) is a pungent aromatic spice and medicinal herb. It is a perennial plant that can grow to be between six and 12 feet tall. Cardamom can also be spelled Cardomon, and in India, it is popularly known as elaichi. Cardamom is a famous Indian spice and is used in Indian and Asian cuisine either whole or in a ground form. Ground Cardamon is a primary ingredient of Curry powder.

Aromatherapy Uses: Cardamon Essential Oil (also called Cardamom), is an uplifting scent that can relieve mental fatigue, as well as quiet the nerves. It is also one of the scents that act as an Aphrodisiac, for those romantic evenings. Cardamom stimulates the appetite, which is good if you deal with Anorexia. Adding a few drops to beverage relieves indigestion.


4) Cedarwood Essential Oil



Texas Cedarwood (Juniperus ashei) is a drought-tolerant evergreen shrub or small tree. It grows up to 5-10 m tall, rarely 15 m, and provides erosion control and year-round shade for wildlife and livestock. This tree is actually in the Juniper family and is not related to the true Cedar.

Aromatherapy Uses: Cedar Oil has a calming and balancing effect on the emotions. The scent relieves nervous tension, and help a person relax. The sweet – woody fragrance brings a pleasant, fresh, outdoors type atmosphere to a room and is an insect repellent. Cedar Oil is also used to help with Bronchitis, congestion, and coughs. It also promotes healthy skin and sleep.


5) Cinnamon Essential Oil



Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum, synonym C. Verum) is a small evergreen tree 10-15 m tall, belonging to the family Lauraceae. The fruit is a purple 1 cm berry containing a single seed. Cinnamon belongs to the family Lauraceae, native to Sri Lanka.

Aromatherapy Uses: Cinnamon Essential Oil brings calm and relaxation while reducing stress and depression-related conditions. With Cinnamon’s sweet spicy scent, it also fights colds, flu, and other airborne infectious diseases. It cleanses the body of toxins, treatment of urinary tract infections, lowering of blood sugar levels, and promoting metabolism.


6) Eucalyptus Essential Oil



The name Eucalyptus means “well-covered”; it describes the bud cap. Eucalyptus is a diverse genus of trees, the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. All eucalypts are evergreen. The Oil extracted from eucalyptus leaves contains compounds that are powerful natural disinfectants and which can be toxic in large quantities. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Eucalyptus Oil is a powerful agent to boost the Respiratory and Immune system. For the Respiratory System, it helps with Asthma, bronchitis, coughs, and clearing out sinuses in colds. Eucalyptus Essential Oil also acts as a room air freshener or cleaner. This is a good oil to use after a person has a cold or respiratory infection. It is used to treat skin related problems like wounds, cuts, burns, herpes, lice, insect repellent, and insect bites. It is beneficial in reducing muscle and joint pains and rheumatoid arthritis.


7) Frankincense Essential Oil



Frankincense is an aromatic resin obtained from the tree Boswellia thurifera or B. sacra. Frankincense (whose name refers to its preeminence as the “true” or “frank” incense) is also known as olibanum, which is derived from the Arabic al-lub├ín (“the milk”), a reference to the milky sap tapped from the frankincense tree.

Aromatherapy Uses: Frankincense Oil can be applied topically, ingested, or inhaled. It releases a calming and relaxing scent which causes the individual breathing it to general breath deeper and slower, inducing a tranquil state of mind. For the Respiratory System, it can help with Asthma, Bronchitis, Coughing, and Laryngitis. It helps reduce anxiety and boosts the immune system.


8) Geranium Essential Oil




Pelargonium is a genus of flowering plants that includes about 200 species of perennial, succulent, and shrub plants, commonly but incorrectly known and even sold as geraniums. Confusingly, Geranium is the correct botanical name of the separate genus that contains the related Cranesbills. Both genera are in the Family Geraniaceae.

Aromatherapy Uses: Geranium Oil is a natural Antidepressant, and Stimulant. When inhaling, it refreshes the body and mind. For the Respiratory System, it also helps with a sore throat and tonsillitis. It is used in dermatitis, eczema, aging skin, and some fungal infections and promotes healthy skin.


9) Grapefruit Essential Oil




The grapefruit is a subtropical citrus tree grown for its fruit, which is also known as grapefruit. The evergreen tree is usually found at around 5-6 m tall, although it can reach 13-15 m. The leaves are dark green, long (up to 15 cm) and thin. It produces 5 cm white four-pedaled flowers. The fruit is yellow-skinned, largely oblate, and ranges in diameter from 10-15 cm and has an acidic yellow segmented pulp.

Aromatherapy Uses: Grapefruit Essential Oil tends to induce euphoria, and fights depression, stress, and exhaustion.


10) Jasmine Essential Oil




Jasmine (Jasminum) is a genus of shrubs and vines in the Family Oleaceae, with about 200 species, native to tropical and warm temperate regions of the Old World. Jasmine flowers are four-pedaled, and mostly white, with some yellow-flowered species. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Jasmine Essential Oil is a soothing scent that dispels depression. It is also a natural Aphrodisiac, soothing frigidity, and enhancing fantasy and sensuality. Jasmine creates a feeling of optimism, and gives a sense of self-confidence, replacing feelings of apathy or indifference. For the Respiratory System; Jasmine oil helps with coughs, hoarseness, and laryngitis. It is helpful in dry and sensitive skin.

11) Lavender Essential Oil



The lavenders Lavandula are a genus of about 25-30 species of flowering plants in the mint family, Lamiaceae, native from the Mediterranean region south to tropical Africa and east to India.

Aromatherapy Uses: lavender oil can be used for the nervous system: treats depression,
headache, insomnia, migraine, nervous tension, and stress-related ailments. For the respiratory system – asthma, bronchitis, laryngitis, throat infections, and whooping cough. Also excellent as an overall relaxing scent and has a calming effect which helps promote sleep. It can also be used as an antiseptic for minor cuts, burns, and skin problems.


12) Lemon Essential Oil




The lemon, is a citrus tree, a hybrid of cultivated origin. The first description of the lemon, which had been introduced from India two centuries earlier, is found in Arabic writings from the 12th century. The origin of the name lemon is from the Sanskrit nimbuka.

Aromatherapy Uses: Lemon Essential Oil acts as a stimulator to the Central Nervous System. It reduces sluggishness while imparting a fresh citrus scent. It brightens and rejuvenates dull skin. It also helps indigestion.


13) Lemongrass Essential Oil




Cymbopogon (lemongrass, lemongrass, citronella grass, or fever grass) is a genus of about 55 species of grasses, native to warm temperate and tropical regions of the Old World. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Antidepressant, uplifting while reducing stress levels, pleasant scent. It is good for digestion problems like flatulence and constipation.



14) Majoram Essential Oil




Marjoram (Origanum majorana, Lamiaceae) is a cold-sensitive perennial herb or under-shrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors. It is also called Sweet Marjoram or Knotted Marjoram and Majorana hortensis. Marjoram is cultivated for its aromatic leaves, either green or dry, for culinary purposes, and for its Essential Oil; the tops are cut as the plants begin to flower and are dried slowly in the shade.

Aromatherapy Uses: Marjoram Oil is a tension-reducing oil. This oil relieves nervousness and stress while helping with insomnia. Marjoram oil also assists with Migraines. In the Respiratory system; Marjoram Oil helps with colds. Marjoram is also an anti-sensual scent, so it reduces the desire for sexual contact. It treats body pains from arthritis.



15) Myrrh Essential Oil



Myrrh is a red-brown resinous material, the dried sap of the Commiphora myrrha tree, indigenous to Somalia. Myrrh is a constituent of perfumes and incense and was highly prized in ancient times. Its name is derived from the Hebrew murr or maror, meaning “bitter.” 

Aromatherapy Uses: Myrrh Essential Oil is known for aiding the respiratory system. Inhaling Essential Oil can improve ailments such as asthma, bronchitis, coughs, sore throat, and voice loss.


16) Neroli Essential Oil




Neroli oil, Citrus aurantium var. Amara is produced from the blossom of the Bitter orange tree. The blossoms are gathered, usually by hand, in late April to early May. By the end of the 16th century, Anne Marie Orsini, duchess of Bracciano and princess of Nerola, introduced the essence of the bitter orange tree as a fashionable fragrance by using it to perfume her gloves and her bath. Since then, the name of Neroli has been used to describe this essence. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Neroli Essential Oil has an uplifting and joyful effect upon a person. Its warm sweet scent carries with it a seductiveness, and the oil is also commonly known as an Aphrodisiac. The fragrance relieves anxiety, depression, and melancholy. The oil tends to balance and soothe a person's emotions. It is used as a treatment for skin defects like stretch marks and oily skin.



17) Patchouli Essential Oil




Patchouli is both a plant and essential oil derived from the leaves of that plant. The scent of patchouli is very strong, and some people find it offensive. It has been used for centuries in perfumes and is grown in the East and West Indies. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Patchouli Essential Oil can be used to reduce nervousness, stress, cure apathy, ease confusion and indecision, and rejuvenates a person. In addition, it is often used to reduce frigidity, perhaps because of its inherent seductive scent.


18) Peppermint Essential Oil




Peppermint is a sterile hybrid mint, a cross between water-mint and spearmint, with a high menthol content, often used in tea and confectionery. Peppermint is the oldest and most popular flavor of mint-flavored confectionery (including chewing gum). A primary derivative of Peppermint is menthol which serves many purposes including flavoring, and a masking flavor for medicines. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Peppermint Essential Oil has a fresh, uplifting scent. The Essential Oil suppresses negative thoughts while fighting mental fatigue. For the Respiratory System, Peppermint oil helps with bronchitis and colds when combined with steam. It is also used to relieve pain and arthritic problems. It can also be used for scabies and vertigo.


19) Rose Essential Oil



Rose essential oil is extracted from the petals of various types of roses. Rose fragrance is one of the most preferred in the perfume industry.

Aromatherapy Uses: The most notable use for rose oil is that it creates a sense of well being, relaxation, and frequently happiness. In addition to driving away melancholy, and reducing household strife, rose oil is a wonderfully fragrant scent.

20) Rosemary Essential Oil


Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves that are used in cooking. It is native to the Mediterranean region. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Rosemary Oil stimulates the mind and body while reducing fatigue. Essential Oil has been long known for its memory enhancement properties. For the Respiratory System, Rosemary Essential oil can help treat Asthma, Bronchitis, and Whooping Cough. It is beneficial to treat hair loss. It relieves digestive problems like indigestion, constipation, and colitis. It reduces dandruff.


21) Sage Essential Oil




Clary (Salvia sclarea) also known as Clary Sage, is a spectacularly showy biennial or short-lived perennial herb in the genus Salvia, the sages. 

Aromatherapy Uses: In Aromatherapy, Sage Oil can be used to help asthma, throat infections, and whooping cough. It is also a good anti-depressant and increases overall energy.


22) Sandalwood Essential Oil




Sandalwood is the wood of trees of the genus Santalum. It is used for incense, aromatherapy, and perfume.

Aromatherapy Uses: Sandalwood oil is used for the respiratory system for ailments such as bronchitis, dry-persistent coughs, laryngitis, and sore throat. The oil also helps with depression, insomnia, nerves, stress, and is used to treat Anxiety as well as being an Aphrodisiac. Overall it is a very relaxing and pleasing scent.


23) Spearmint Essential Oil



Spearmint (Mentha spicata, syn M. Viridis), yields an aromatic and carminative oil, referred to as “oil of spearmint”. It has oblong, lanceolate, sub-acute, serrate leaves, and slender spikes of flowers. It grows in watery places. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Spearmint Essential Oil is good to fight colds and flu as well as help with Asthma and bronchitis. It is also a good stress-reducing oil, fighting fatigue, nervousness, and helps with migraines. Spearmint Essential Oil is frequently combined with Peppermint Oil, as its effects alone are not as strong as Peppermint. That said, it is an excellent oil to use with children for the above maladies.


24) Thyme Essential Oil



Thyme (Thymus) is a genus of about 350 species of aromatic perennial herbs and sub-shrubs in the Family Lamiaceae. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Thyme Oil is noted for its effects on stimulating intelligence. Thyme Essential Oil is also used for colds, flu, and other infectious diseases. For the Nervous System, Thyme Oil can help with Headaches, insomnia, and settling nerves.


25) Vetiver Essential Oil




Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanoides) is a clump-forming grass up to 2 meters in height with roots that can penetrate to 3 meters deep. Vetiver is closely related to other fragrant grasses such as Lemon Grass (Cymbopogon citratus) and Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii).

Aromatherapy Uses: Vetiver Essential Oil is used in aromatherapy to help relieve stress and to promote relaxation. Additionally, helps with Insomnia, and Depression. It is a natural stress reducer.


26) Ylang-ylang Essential Oil




Ylang-ylang is the flower of the Cananga tree. The flower is yellow or pink and yields an Essential Oil. This Essential Oil can be used for high blood pressure and general skincare, which is aphrodisiac and sebum normalizing and is widely used in perfumery. 

Aromatherapy Uses: Ylang-ylang Oil is a powerful Aphrodisiac, and is frequently used as such. However, equally important is the oil's ability to reduce frustration and soothe angry nerves. Essential Oil can also be used to help with insomnia, and eliminate depression.


Conclusion


Aromatherapy is very essential for both mind and body. Although there are many varieties of essential oils, we have identified these 26 to be highly acceptable and appreciated in the medicinal aromatherapy science. Either select the oil based on your preferable fragrance or the medicinal benefits and see the wonders work. Start using them aromatically (diffusers, candles, direct inhaling), topically ( bath, body cream, shampoo, massage) or internally ( recipe, direct eating, or pill) and you will surely be benefited very soon.

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